Food Shortage 2024: What Experts Predict for Hunger Crisis

Food shortage has become a major topic since the COVID-19 pandemic hit. The World Bank defines it as everyone having access to enough safe and nutritious Food for a healthy life. Millions of people are already feeling the effects of food shortages globally.

In recent years, various threats have emerged, affecting people worldwide. These include wars, economic shifts, diseases, and, especially, climate change and unpredictable weather. Staples like wheat and corn have been at risk, leading to panic buying.

In August 2022, a YouTube video claimed that the U.S. government had declared a major food emergency in 6 states. It was about haying and grazing emergencies due to drought, not a food shortage.

While there isn’t a public emergency, a global food crisis continues. Americans can expect food shortages in 2024. It may impact availability and prices at local stores.

Finding specific items at your local stores can be challenging in today’s market. There are also regional shortages due to transportation issues.

Join us on this exploration of the 2024 food shortage. Below, we delve into its causes, consequences, and the actions we can take to confront this looming crisis.”

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Is There A Food Shortage Coming To The U.S.?

The year 2024 is shaping up to be challenging for food supply, not just in the United States but worldwide. 

Food prices continue to soar, hitting hard in lower and middle-income countries, where steep price hikes are causing growing concerns about food security. The Food and Agriculture Organization estimated that in 2022, between 691 million and 783 million people will face global hunger. Even more worrying, food insecurity has risen from 25.3% in 2019 to 29.6% in 2022, with severe food insecurity affecting 11.3% of the global population.

A recent McKinsey report adds to the alarm bells, warning that between 19 million and 34 million tons of export production may be lost in 2024. This potential loss could impact caloric intake for as many as 60 million to 150 million people. The World Food Programme is also sounding the sirens, reporting an increase in the number of people facing or at risk of acute food insecurity. This number surged from 135 million across 53 countries to 345 million, spanning 79 countries in 2023.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service predicts that all food prices in the United States will rise 2.2% in 2024. Food-away-from-home prices are particularly concerning, which are expected to increase by 4.3%. However, it’s crucial to remember that these figures are forecasts, not certainties.

While there are valid concerns about the global food supply in the coming years, it’s essential to maintain hope and take action. We can all contribute to alleviating this crisis by reducing food waste, supporting local farmers, and making sustainable diet choices.

What Items You Might Not Find In 2024?


A rice shortage persists into the second half of 2023. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has severely affected the world’s rice supply. Along with adverse weather in major rice-producing nations like China and Pakistan. Additionally, the return of El Niño has brought unpredictable weather. India has halted exports of non-basmati white rice to safeguard its reserves.

Price Impact: High prices continue to be the most noticeable effect of the rice shortages. It is noted that the prices reached nearly $18.50 per hundredweight. However, prices have softened to around $16.00 per hundredweight. They are predicted to remain above average until the new year.


Italy faced a pasta problem due to increased ingredient costs, especially for wheat, and rising packaging and logistics expenses. This led to price hikes in some regions, like Siena in Tuscany. It is reported that over a 50% increase in pasta prices.

U.S. Pasta Costs: In the United States, the cost of spaghetti and macaroni in 2023 has risen to an average of $1.47 per pound—the previous year, the standard of $1.21 per pound the last year. Recent decreases in wheat prices may provide relief for pasta-loving countries like Italy.

Chocolate and Cocoa:

Cocoa prices have hit 12-year highs globally. The Russian invasion of Ukraine, climate change, and El Niño drive it. It impacted cocoa production in West Africa. This region includes Ghana, Cameroon, Nigeria, and the Ivory Coast. It accounts for about 75% of the world’s cocoa production.

Concurrent Sugar: The sugar shortage is caused by poor weather and reduced exports from India. Besides, the consistent demand compounds the chocolate crisis.


The Salmon population has declined in California and Alaska. It is because of climate change, droughts in California, overfishing, pollution, and disease. To protect the remaining population. California officials have banned commercial and recreational salmon fishing in 2023. The first such ban occurred in 2008.


Flour prices have increased by 8.5% compared to last year. Experts predicted that Americans will feel the effects of a flour shortage into 2024. This shortage could impact a variety of beloved foods. 

Drought Impact: The root cause of the flour shortage is drought conditions. The drought impacted in the South and Central States. The USDA estimated a staggering 75% of wheat in these regions is currently facing drought conditions. In comparison, there is hope that Soft Red Winter wheat is often used for baked goods. It might help, but it will be harvested in September through December. So, its impact remains to be determined.

  • One well-known shortage is baby formula across the U.S. This vital product has been short in supply due to a significant recall and the temporary closure of a central production facility. Due to this, the stock has been dwindling despite importing millions of bottles of formula from overseas. The problem is getting worse.
  • Some types of pet foods are also in short supply. Aluminum can shortages are causing problems for the pet food industry as the same materials are needed for human nutrition. Empty shelves are a severe concern to pet owners as their cats and dogs have specific dietary needs.

Here’s a list of other everyday items that stores are running short on:

  • Bread
  • Cooking Oil
  • Wheat
  • Corn
  • Baby Formula
  • Eggs
  • Beef
  • Canned Pet Food

These shortages are causing challenges for both families and their furry companions. Still, being aware of them as you plan your shopping is essential.

Food Crisis 2024: Causes and Consequences Unveiled

The global food supply chain faced significant disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These disruptions occurred at various stages, from production to distribution. Moreover, these were exacerbated by rising fuel and transport costs. Additionally, extreme weather events such as floods and heatwaves in 2021 affected crop yields in America and Europe. Key Factors Contributing to Food Shortage in 2024:

Energy Crisis Impact

The global energy crisis that started in 2021 extended its impact. It expanded its impact on the fertilizer and food industries. Record-high prices for various types of fertilizers have been observed. It is a matter of great concern. Because approximately 50% of the world’s food production relies on fertilizers. The rising costs of agricultural inputs, including fertilizers and fuels, have substantially impacted food prices more than restrictions on food exports from Russia and Ukraine.

Russian Invasion of Ukraine

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine disrupted grain agriculture and trade in Ukraine. It further straining the global supply chain. Russia temporarily banned the export of ammonium nitrate. So that it ensures domestic fertilizer supplies, impacting global fertilizer prices. Many economies, particularly in Europe and Africa, were significantly affected. Due to this, people are forced to seek alternative food supply chain partners in regions less affected by the conflict.

Effects of Climate Change

Climate change-related events like heatwaves, flooding, and droughts are the factors. Climate change between 2020 and 2022 severely impacted global food supplies and reserves. These weather events made the food system less resilient to shocks like the Ukraine war. These weather events attributed to low wheat reserves at the start of 2022. Climate change has also led to lower crop yields. Due to factors like water scarcity from droughts, heatwaves, and flooding. Results in increasing the risk of simultaneous crop failures. Pests, plant diseases, and livestock are also affected. Gene editing technology is being explored as a potential solution to address these challenges.

Regional Impacts

Various regions around the world faced specific challenges. For instance, a severe drought in East Africa began in 2021. It led to crop failures, and millions were at risk of famine. Southern Madagascar experienced food insecurity due to a severe drought. North America experienced droughts, particularly affecting the United States’ grain production. Europe saw deficits in Spain, Portugal, and Italy, affecting fruit and crop production. In the U.K., supermarkets faced salads shortages due to unfavorable weather conditions and high energy costs.

Ethanol and Meat Consumption

The use of ethanol fuel, derived from corn has increased. It impacted the demand for corn, which is also used for food production. Rising meat consumption has increased the demand for animal feed, mainly corn and soybeans. It contributes to higher food prices.

These interconnected factors have contributed to ongoing food shortages and food price increases.

Global Hunger Crisis: Responding to Food Shortage in 2024

In June 2022, Russia withdrew its troops from Snake Island. To allow a humanitarian corridor for grain shipments from Ukraine. Talks mediated by Turkey and the United Nations helped Ukraine. To get closer to exporting grain through its Black Sea ports. However, Russia has been accused of obstructing these shipments due to economic sanctions. However, tensions remained as Russia shelled the port of Odesa soon after it was reopened. The first grain shipment under the agreement went to Lebanon, with more vessels leaving Ukraine as part of the deal.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed concerns in September 2022 about constrained fertilizer supplies. These supplies were from Russia—a result of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and subsequent sanctions. Diplomatic discussions were held to reopen the Togliatti–Odesa pipeline for ammonia transport. Ukrainian President Zelenskiy proposed it as part of a prisoner exchange. But Russia dismissed the idea.

Russia’s withdrawal from the grain deal in July 2023 led to attacks on Ukrainian port cities. Including Odesa and Mykolaiv. The attacks were seen as retaliation for the 2023 Crimean Bridge explosion. Although Ukraine claimed they targeted civilian infrastructure related to grain exports.

Kenyan official Abraham Sing’Oei criticized Russia’s exit from the Black Sea Grain Initiative. It was calling it a setback that worsened the global food crisis. He noted that this crisis affected countries in the Horn of Africa. It was already grappling with a severe drought.

The World Bank announced a $12 billion fund to address food crises. They were recognizing the urgency of the situation. In May 2022, the chief economist of the UN FAO warned European leaders. He said that moving away from natural gas production immediately led to higher fertilizer prices. Moreover, it has increased hunger worldwide. The United Nations also called on Russia in May 2022 to facilitate reopening Ukrainian grain ports to alleviate the global food crisis.

Food Supply Issues in 2024: Government and International Initiatives

WFP’s work aims to make positive changes in people’s lives. It helped by strengthening social protection programs and assisting communities to become more resilient to sudden shocks.

For instance, in just four years of the Sahel Resilience Scale-up initiative. WFP and local communities transformed 158,000 hectares of barren land in the Sahel region across five African countries into fertile farming and grazing areas. This benefited over 2.5 million people. It made them better prepared for seasonal challenges. Moreover, it provided access to vital natural resources like land. Families and their properties are also better safeguarded against climate-related risks. WFP’s support acts as a safety net. Besides, it fosters stability, productivity, and job opportunities, ultimately breaking the cycle of hunger.

WFP’s flagship microinsurance program, The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative, helps approximately 360,000 farming and pastoralist families in 14 countries from climate-related threats that harm their crops and livelihoods. These countries include Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guatemala, Kenya, Madagascar, and Zimbabwe.

WFP collaborates with governments in 83 countries. To enhance national safety nets and nutrition-focused social protection programs. This approach enables them to help more people beyond emergency food aid.

However, more than humanitarian aid is needed. It is addressing the potential food crisis in 2023. It requires a coordinated effort, including governments, financial institutions, the private sector, and partners. Good governance plays a crucial role in enabling human capital growth. It also helps in economic development and people’s well-being.

What Countries Are Facing The Severe Food Shortage?

The entire world is facing a food shortage. But, a few countries (including the U.S.) are more prone to this issue. Let’s dive into the situations in some countries facing severe food shortages:

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC):

The DRC is dealing with a massive hunger crisis. Around 26 million people are affected due to long-lasting conflict and deep poverty.

Over the past 25 years, ongoing conflict, climate-related issues, and disease outbreaks have created the world’s largest hunger crisis.

This crisis has forced more than 5 million people to flee their homes.


Afghanistan is grappling with severe hunger. Around 19.9 million people were affected, nearly half of the population.

This crisis is a result of four decades of conflict. However, it is worsened by recent events such as the withdrawal of international troops and the Taliban’s takeover, causing economic turmoil and displacement.

Among those severely affected were children and women suffering from acute malnutrition.


Yemen has been entangled in a complex civil war for eight years. It led to 17 million people facing severe hunger.

The number of Yemenis experiencing the issue increased by a million in the past two years. It reached a record high.

Increasing food prices have made it challenging to afford nutritious meals for many.


After enduring 12 years of conflict, over 12 million Syrians are struggling with hunger. Around 13 million people have left their homes.

Syria’s economy has taken a severe hit, with the value of its currency plummeting and further increased by the impacts of COVID-19.

The Sahel:

The Sahel region, situated just below the Sahara Desert, faces a dire hunger crisis.

Approximately 13 million people are expected to experience hunger at crisis levels.

Factors that are worsening the situation include:

  • Conflict
  • Surging food prices
  • High poverty rates
  • Frequent and extreme climate shocks

All these issues are contributing to severe hunger, affecting millions of people.

Food Shortage Preparedness: Are We Ready For 2024?

The food shortages we’re experiencing now are just the beginning. Moreover, global food shortages are on the horizon. We should prepare for more empty grocery store shelves and rising food prices by the end of this year. The United Nations predicts we may face shortages of several food items as early as next year. China and Eastern Europe are the countries that may continue to face supply chain issues.

While we may encounter challenges here, we must recognize that other nations are already grappling with food crises. They will likely continue to do so for the next year or longer. The World Bank and various humanitarian organizations are working on responses. However, entirely alleviating the supply chain problems may be a daunting task.

Part of the problem stems from many countries experiencing food insecurity for years. Or the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened their situations.

Is Food Stockpiling a good option? People often wonder whether they should stockpile Food in preparation for food shortages. It’s wise to be prepared for emergencies. But stockpiling should not be confused with hoarding. Maintaining an emergency food supply that includes several days’ worth of non-perishable items is a good practice.

While you build your food stockpile, you must be reasonable in the quantity you purchase and store. Storing excessive amounts of Food may lead to more disruptions in the food supply chain, as we witnessed with toilet paper shortages at the beginning of the pandemic.

Consider keeping some food items in your pantry. It ensures that you have options in case of a food emergency:

  • Bottled water: Having a supply of clean water is essential for emergencies.
  • Shelf-stable fruits and vegetables: They are long-lasting and nutritious. So one can stockpile them.
  • Beans and lentils are excellent protein sources that can be stored long.
  • Rice: A staple food that’s versatile and stores well.
  • Nuts: Packed with nutrients and healthy fats, they make for a nutritious snack.
  • Peanut butter is a good source of protein and energy and doesn’t spoil quickly.
  • Shelf-stable milk: Options like powdered or UHT milk can provide essential nutrients.
  • Shelf-stable meat options: Canned meats or jerky can be protein sources during shortages.
  • Healthy oils: Olive, canola, or vegetable oil for cooking and flavor.
  • Food for infants and young children: Specialized baby food or formula, if needed.
  • Nutrition for pets: Remember your furry friends; stock up on their Food, too.

You can be better prepared for unexpected food shortages and emergencies if you have these items in your hand.

Food Shortage Forecast 2024: What Experts Predict

Let’s talk about food prices. The USDA experts take out their crystal balls every month and predict food prices. Their August 2023 report said that food prices would rise by 5.9% in 2023.

Here’s the part that makes you breathe easier. They expect this price hike to slow down in 2024, with prices increasing by a more modest 2.8%. Over the 12 months leading up to July 2023, food prices, measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI), rose by 4.9%. That’s much less than the whopping 10.5% increase predicted from December 2022 to December 2023. So, if these predictions turn out to be correct, it could be a positive sign for inflation – that’s what makes prices go up.

Simply put, Food might not get wildly expensive in the next few years. That’s excellent news for all of us. The fast and furious rise in food prices might be taking a little break. It makes it easier for all of us to stick to our budgets.


In conclusion, the food shortage in 2024 stands as a pressing global issue. It requires our immediate attention. As we’ve delved into, several factors have contributed to this crisis.

The urgency of addressing these food shortages cannot be overstated. It’s not just about empty grocery store shelves. It’s about people going hungry. Millions of children suffer from malnutrition, and communities struggle to survive. To mitigate the impact of food shortages, we must take collective action.

Firstly, staying informed plays a crucial role. Understanding the root causes of food shortages and their varied impacts on different regions is essential in finding sustainable solutions. By staying informed, we can figure out how to address these issues. Or to support organizations working tirelessly to alleviate hunger.

Secondly, taking individual actions is equally vital. We can start by reducing food waste. Or by supporting local farmers and making sustainable choices in our diets. Additionally, it’s worth considering creating a modest emergency food supply to prepare for unforeseen disruptions in the food supply chain.

In these challenging times, our collective responsibility is to work toward a more secure and sustainable food future by coming together, staying informed, and taking meaningful actions. We can make a significant difference in the battle against food shortages in 2024 and beyond.