AGCO layoffs 2024 – Discontinued News

AGCO Corporation is a major player in the agricultural equipment sector. It is headquartered in Duluth, Georgia. The company is well-known for its broad product line. It includes tractors, combiners, hay tools, sprayers, and forage equipment. AGCO operates under a variety of brands, including Challenger, Massey Ferguson, and Fendt. It supports farmers in 140 countries through a network of more than 8,450 individual dealers. AGCO was founded in 1990 and has since evolved to become an important player in the agricultural machinery industry. AGCO layoffs 2024?

In recent years, AGCO has suffered major financial issues. It has resulted in significant organizational changes, including layoffs. These efforts are part of a larger plan for adapting to changing market conditions and increasing operational efficiency. In this article, let us learn more about the layoffs at AGCO.

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Overview of AGCO’s plant closure in 2003

On March 3, 2003, AGCO announced the closing of their track tractor assembly plant in DeKalb, Illinois. It was done as part of a wider manufacturing rationalization strategy. The DeKalb facility, which made Challenger track tractors, only functioned at 20% capacity. This underutilization led AGCO to consider cost-cutting options. It happened before it was decided that the plant’s production levels were inadequate to support an independent operation.

The DeKalb factory was purchased from Caterpillar, Inc., in 2002. It was set to shut down production in late May 2003. AGCO planned to relocate and resume manufacturing in either Jackson, Minnesota, or Hesston, Kansas, by July 2003 at that time.

The decision to shut down the DeKalb factory affected 186 employees. It was considered a significant change in AGCO’s manufacturing strategy.

Industry-wide downturn

The agricultural machinery industry has been witnessing a decline. It was made worse by decreasing farm revenues and commodity prices. In 2024, net farm income is expected to fall by 25%. It is causing major machinery brands, including AGCO, to report a significant year-over-year sales decline. AGCO, John Deere, and CNH Industrial all came across similar problems. It is resulting in significant layoffs at their US manufacturing locations.

For instance, John Deere announced layoffs that impacted hundreds of workers in Iowa. It also announced layoffs at its operation in Moline, Illinois. CNH Industrial likewise reduced its salaried employees and restructured its top management team.

There were several reasons behind these industry-wide layoffs. It consists of:

  • decreased farm revenues,
  • a strategic shift toward precision agriculture technologies and 
  • a decrease in farmers’ investments in new machinery.

AGCO’s strategic shift

AGCO’s reaction to the economic downturn includes a strategic move. It plans to do precise farming and update the existing equipment with new technologies. The company intends to reduce production by 10% in 2024. This is due to declining retail demand for traditional agricultural machinery.

Eric Hansotia is the president and CEO of AGCO. He highlighted the need for production cuts to keep up with decreasing market demand despite the company’s record net sales in 2023. To improve its earnings, AGCO raised its R&D investment by 60% in the last three years.

The company has formed a partnership with Trimble. This is to improve the precision agriculture offerings. It also focuses on technology that allows farmers to increase yields with fewer inputs. AGCO’s brand-agnostic retrofitting method enables its precision agriculture technology to be integrated into rival equipment. Thus, it is giving it a competitive edge in this challenging market.

Outsourcing and Facility Upgrades

In addition to production cuts, AGCO is outsourcing some manufacturing operations to Mexico. The company plans to move production of small square balers, round balers, and rotary mowers from its Hesston facility to Queretaro, Mexico, starting in 2025. This move aims to streamline operations. It will also reduce costs while securing a profitable future for the Hesston plant.

The decision to change production to Mexico follows major investments in the Hesston facility. This includes over $28 million in upgrades since 2021. These investments have focused on modernizing systems and equipment. Thus, it is allowing the Hesston plant to continue manufacturing large square balers, combines, and combine headers.

AGCO expects the impact of this production change on the Hesston employees to be managed through normal attrition rather than layoffs.

Layoffs at AGCO

AGCO announced massive layoffs in May 2024 at its Hesston, Kansas, factory. This facility is a key component of its manufacturing operations. The Hesston facility is noted for making hay tools, windrows, and combines. It is suffering from a reduction in demand for major agricultural machinery.

The layoffs at Hesston were part of a larger plan to cut production by 10%. This was taken in light of overstocked dealer inventories and declining demand for traditional farming equipment. 

The decrease in production was required to align output with reduced market demand. Also, it will avoid excess inventory buildup.

Continuing operational changes drove AGCO’s decision to lay off employees at Hesston. The business had already invested over $28 million in renovating the Hesston complex. It includes system upgrades that required temporary layoffs for up to 900 employees in late 2023.

Although these renovations were finished by early 2024, AGCO had to alter its workforce. This is mainly due to lower demand for agricultural equipment despite improved production capabilities.

Community Impact

The layoffs at AGCO’s facilities, particularly in Hesston, have huge impacts on the local communities. The Hesston plant has been a major employer in the region. The workforce reductions affect not only the employees but also the local economy and ancillary businesses.

AGCO has taken steps to avoid these effects by managing reductions through attrition. It provides support to affected employees. This includes supplemental pay and retention bonuses during temporary furloughs.

In addition, AGCO’s decision to relocate some production to Mexico reflects a larger trend of looking for cost savings in their global supply networks. In fact, it helps businesses stay competitive. But it raises questions about the long-term health of manufacturing jobs in traditional areas.

AGCO’s dedication to continuous technology investments leads to a dual focus on future growth and cost control. Thus, it strikes a balance between short-term workforce changes and long-term goals.

Long-term strategy and future outlook

AGCO is still dedicated to investing in areas that will grow in the future. It is doing this even with the current challenges brought about by the layoffs. The company’s focus is changing to precision agriculture, which involves developing technologies. This is to increase farming efficiency and productivity. AGCO’s R&D spending has expanded greatly. Also, agreements like the one with Trimble aim to strengthen AGCO’s offerings in the precision agricultural industry.

AGCO’s long-term goal is to create solutions that can be adapted to current equipment, irrespective of manufacturer. Thus, it aims to expand its market reach and appeal. This strategy strives to provide farmers with cost-effective solutions to improve their machinery. Therefore, it will allow them to obtain higher yields with fewer resources.


The layoffs at AGCO in 2024 were a necessary but difficult step. This action is taken to adapt to the economic realities of the agricultural machinery sector. Similar to its rivals, AGCO had to make difficult choices to realign its manufacturing strategy and streamline operations.

The layoffs had a major effect on the workforce and local communities. However, AGCO’s continued investment in precision agriculture and technological breakthroughs prepares the company for long-term growth and stability.

By focusing on innovation and efficiency, AGCO hopes to survive the current economic downturn. It will emerge stronger in a more competitive and dynamic market.

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